"Gene Quantification" web page is an academic and educational site with the only purpose of facilitating access to qPCR and biology-related information over the internet.  "Gene Quantification" pages are edited by Michael W. Pfaffl, Professor of Molecular Physiology working at the Chair of Physiology, Technical University of Munich, Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany. Supporting companies can place banners on the pages. Copyright and Trademark descriptions are summarize on this page, the disclaimer is on the next page.
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Link to third party sites:
The links in this area will let you leave GENE QUANTIFICATION, bioMCC, BIOSCIENCE EVENTS or TATAA Biocenter Germany sites. The linked sites are not under the control of us and therefore we are not responsible for the content of any linked site or any link contained in a linked site, or any changes or updates of such sites. GENE QUANTIFICATION, bioMCC, BIOSCIENCE EVENTS, and TATAA Biocenter Germany is providing this links to you only as a convienience, and the inclusion of any link does not imply endorsement by us of the site.

DISCLAIMER:
The author or editor reserves the right not to be responsible for the topicality, correctness, completeness or quality of the information provided. This applies in special for the automatic translation servive, e.g. on the ASIA domains. Liability claims regarding damage caused by the use of any information provided, including any kind of information which is incomplete or incorrect,will therefore be rejected. All offers are not-binding and without obligation. Parts of the pages or the complete publication including all offers and information might be extended, changed or partly or completely deleted by the author without separate announcement.

Copyright © , Trademarks (TM):
Registered names, trademarks, etc. used in the Gene Quantification webpages,
even when not specifically marked as such, are not to be considered unprotected by law.

PCR,  real-time PCR,  real-time RT-PCR:
The PCR process is covered by U.S. Patents 4,683,195 and 4,683,202 and foreign
equivalents owned by Hoffmann-La Roche AG. PCR is licensed under U.S. patent numbers 4,683,202, 4,683,195, 4,965,188 and 5,075,216 or their foreign counterparts, owned by Hoffmann-La Roche Inc. and F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd.

Products for PCR containing Taq DNA  Polymerase, HotStarTaq DNA Polymerase, or Proof Start DNA Polymerase:  Limited License
A license under U.S. Patents 4,683,202, 4,683,195, and 4,965,188 or their foreign counterparts, owned by Roche Molecular Systems, Inc. and F. Hoffmann-La Roche  Ltd ("Roche"), has an up-front fee component and a running-royalty component.  The purchase price of this product includes limited, nontransferable rights under the  running-royalty component to use only this amount of the product to practice the  Polymerase Chain Reaction ("PCR") and related processes described in said patents  solely for the research and development activities of the purchaser when this  product is used in conjunction with a thermal cycler whose use is covered by the up-front fee component. Rights to the up-front fee component must be obtained  by the end user in order to have a complete license. These rights under the up-front  fee component may be purchased from Applied Biosystems or obtained by  purchasing an Authorized Thermal Cycler. No right to perform or offer commercial  services of any kind using PCR, including without limitation reporting the results of  purchaser's activities for a fee or other commercial consideration, is hereby granted  by implication or estoppel. Further information on purchasing licenses to practice  the PCR Process may be obtained by contacting the Director of Licensing at Applied Biosystems, 850 Lincoln Center Drive, Foster City, California 94404 or the  Licensing Department at Roche Molecular Systems, Inc., 1145 Atlantic Avenue,  Alameda, California 94501.

REST ©,  REST-XL © , REST 384 ©,  REST-2005 © , REST-2008 ©,  BestKeeper ©, Pair Wise Fixed Reallocation Randomisation Test  ©
Relative Expression Software Tool© including all new versions and updates, BestKeeper© and
are protected by copyright of Michael W. Pfaffl. Pair Wise Fixed Reallocation Randomisation Test © is protected by copyright by M.W. Pfaffl and G.W. Horgan.


Stratagene Registered Trademarks
96Pack®
, ABLE® , Absolutely RNA® , Affinity® , Alien® , ArchaeMaxx® , ArrayAssist® , BacterioMatch® , Big Blue® , BL21-CodonPlus® , Brilliant® , Brilliant® SYBR® , CastAway® , Complete Control® , CytoTrap® , Difficult Cloning Competent Cell Pack , Difficult Cloning Competent Cell PackSURE® , Easy-A® , ElectroTen-Blue® , ExAssist® , Exchanger® , EXL® , FairPlay® , GeneMorph® , GeneTraffic® , Gigapack® , Glogos® , Herculase® , HybriZAP® , Iobion® , LacSwitch® , Lambda cDNA Library Construction Kits , Lambda DASH® , Lambda FIX® , Lambda ZAP® , LumiMax® , Mutazyme® , Mx3000P® , Mx4000® , NucTrap® , PathDetect® , pBlueScript® , pCMV-Script® , PCR-Script® , pDual® , Perfect Match® , PersonalHyb® , PfuTurbo® , PfuUltra™ II Fusion HS DNA Polymerase , PicoFuge® , PicoMaxx® , PosiBlot® , Prime-It® , ProFuge® , ProSTAR® , Protein Expression Competent Cell Pack , QuikChange® , QuikHyb® , Quik-Pik® , RNAMaxx® , RoboCycler® , Routine Cloning Competent Cell Pack , SoloPack® , SpotReport® Alien® , SpotReport® -3 cDNA Array Validation System & SpotReport® , SpotReport® Alien® , StrataCooler® , Stratagene® , Stratalinker® , StrataPrep® , StrataScript® , StrataTips® , SURE® , SureStart® , TaqPlus® , Transpack® , Tube-Strip PicoFuge® , TurboAmp® , Uni-ZAP® , ViraPort® , VPack Vectors , XL10-Gold® , YieldAce® , ZAP Express®

Stratagene Trademarks
AccuScript™ , AmpTabs™ , BioTrek™ , Brilliant® SYBR® Green SideStep™ , Duralon-UV™ , Duralose-UV™ , FlatLite™ , FullVelocity™ , GeneEraser™ , GeneSolve™ , Interaction Explorer™ , InterPlay™ , Just cDNA™ , KinAce-It™ , LambdaSelect-cII™ , mCAP™ , MegaMan™ , MessageMap™ , MiracleHyb™ , Mx3005P™ , Mx™ , MycoSensor™ , NOSdetect™ , PfuUltra™ , Prolytica™ , pWhitescript™ , RecoverEase™ , RNace-It™ , SideStep™ , SideStep™ , SideStep™ Lysis and Stabilization ProductsBrilliant® SideStep™ , SignalScout™ , SmartPower™ , StrataClean™ , Taq Extender™ , Taq2000™ , Tet Tabs™ , VariFlex™ , ViraPack™ , VisiGel™


Qiagen trademarks
QIAGEN®, QIA®, QIAamp®, QIAcard®, QIAcube®, QIAEX®, QIAexpress®, QIAGEN Quality®, QIApack™, QIAplex®, QIAprep®, QIAquick®, QIAsafe®, QIAsymphony®, QIAwell®, QIAxcel®, QIAxtractor™, QIAzol®, Autopure LS®, AllPrep®, Allprotector®, artus®, BioRobot®, BioSprint®, Bisulfitome®, cador®, Catrimox®, CompactPrep®, CoralLoad®, digene®, DirectPrep®, DNeasy®, DoubleTag®, DyeEx®, EASYartus®, EasyXpress®, EasyXtal®, Effectene®, EndoFree®, EpiTect®, EZ1®, FastLane®, FlexiGene®, FlexiTube®, GelPilot®, GeneGlobe®, Generation®, Gentra®, HiPerFect®, HiSpeed®, HotStarTaq®, Hybrid Capture®, InhibitEX®, LabelStar®, LiquiChip®, LyseBlue®, MagAttract®, MaXtract™, Mass·Spec·Focus®, Mass·Spec·Turbo®, MinElute®, NeXtal®, Oligotex®, Omniscript®, PlasmidAmp®, PolyFect®, ProofStart®, PSQ®, Puregene®, Pyrosequencing®, Q-Bond®, Q-Solution®, QGlyco®, Qproteome®, QuantiFast®, Quantiscript®, QuantiProbe®, QuantiTect®, Qubes®, QuickLyse™, RapidCapture®, RCAT®, R.E.A.L.®, REPLI-g®, ResPlex®, RNAiFect®, RNAprotect®, RNeasy®, Sensiscript®, SPOC®, StaphPlex™, SuperFect®, T-Script®, TissueRuptor®, TopTaq®, TransMessenger®, TurboCapture®, TurboFilter®, Type-it®, UltraSens®.

Advanced Biotechnologies Ltd (ABgene®)
Thermo-Start® is covered by UK Patent No. GB2,353,530 and corresponding patent rights owned by Advanced Biotechnologies Ltd (ABgene®). Reverse-iT™ RTase Blend is covered by UK Patent No. GB2,351,599 and corresponding patent rights owned by Advanced Biotechnologies Ltd (ABgene®). MULTISIP™ is covered by UK Patent No. GB2,364,700 and corresponding patent rights owned by Advanced Biotechnologies Ltd (ABgene®). DCYPHER™ Coded Tubes are covered by UK Patent No. GB2,370,352 and corresponding patent rights owned by Advanced Biotechnologies Ltd (ABgene®). Plate storage racks are covered by UK Patent No. GB2,376,459 and corresponding patent rights owned by Advanced Biotechnologies Ltd (ABgene®). Segmented multi-well plates are covered by US Patent No. US6,558,631B1 and corresponding patent rights owned by Advanced Biotechnologies Ltd (ABgene®).

ABgene Trademarks:
ABgene®, ABsolute™, ABsolute™ MAX,  ALPS 300™, CYCLEPLATE®, 2DCYPHER™, Electro-Fast®, H2OBIT™, Gene Frame®, Genisol™, MULTISIP™, ReddyMix™, ReddyRun™, Red Hot®, Reverse-iT™, SEAL-IT 100™, Thermo-Fast®, Thermo-Mat™, Thermo-Start®


Other trademarks used on Gene Quantification pages (1):
ABI,  and ABI PRISM and GENESCAN are registered trademarks of Applera Corporation or its subsidiaries.

AMPLICOR, AmpliTaq, GeneAmp, and TaqMan are registered trademarks of Roche Molecular Systems, Inc.
Exiqon, LNA, ProbeLibrary, ProbeFinder, and One Transcriptome - One Kit are registered trademarks of Exiqon A/S, Vedbaek, Denmark.
Locked Nucleic Acids are covered by U.S. Patent no. US6268490 and other foreign patents and patent applications owned by Exiqon A/S and Prof. Imanishi.

Eppendorf is a registered trademark of Eppendorf-Netheler-Hinz GmbH.
FACS is a  registered trademark of Becton Dickinson and Company.
Mx4000™ Multiplex Quantitative PCR System are registered trademarks of Stratagene Inc.
GeneAmp is a registered trademark of Roche Molecular Systems, Inc.
iCycler is a trademark of Bio-Rad  Laboratories, Inc.
LightCycler is a registered trademark of Idaho Technology Inc.
Macintosh is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Microsoft is a  registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
SYBR Green I, Oregon Green, and Texas Red are registered trademarks of Molecular Probes, Inc.
Roche is a registered trademark of Hoffman-La Roche, Inc.
Windows and EXCEL are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
ABI PRISM®, VIC™ and NED™ (Applied Biosystems)

BHQ
®  (Biosearch Technologies)

Qiagen® (Qiagen)
BigDye™ and ROX™ (Applera Corporation)
Biometra® (Biometra GmbH)
Bio-Rad® and iCycler™ (Bio-Rad Laboratories Inc.)
Celeron® and Intel® (Intel Corporation)
Cy™, Cy Dye™ and MegaBACE™ (Amersham Life Sciences)
Data Matrix™ (Robotic Vision Systems Inc.)
Dell™ and Dimension™ (Dell Computer Corporation)
DNA Engine™, MJ Research™, Opticon™, PTC-200™ and Tetrad™ (MJ Research Inc.)
Eppendorf® (Eppendorf-Netheler-Hinz GmbH)
FlexiGene™ and Techne® (Techne (Cambridge) Ltd)
Genesis® and Tecan® (Tecan AG Analytische Instrumente)
Gilson® (Gilson Inc.)
Invitrogen™ (Invitrogen Corporation)
Lightcycler® (Roche Group)
MultiPROBE® and Perkin Elmer® (Perkin-Elmer Corporation)
Mx-4000™ and Stratagene® (Stratagene)
Nonidet® (Shell International Petroleum Company Ltd)
Oxford Benchmate® (Sherwood Medical Industries)
pGEM® (Promega Corporation)
PlateCrane™ (Hudson Control Group Inc.)
Rotor-Gene™ (Corbett Research)
SealPette™ (Jencons (Scientific) Ltd.)
Smart Cycler® (Cepheid)
Socorex® (Socorex Isba SA)
SYBR® Green I and SYBR Gold™ (Molecular Probes Inc.)
TaKaRa® (TaKaRa Shuzo Co. Ltd)
TaqMan® (Roche Molecular Systems Inc.)
Teflon® (Dupont de Nemous & Co.)
Titertek® (Flow Laboratories)
Triton® (Rohn & Haas Inc.)
Tween 20® (ICI Americas Inc.)
Twister™ (Zymark Corporation)
WAVE® (Transgenomic Inc)

Other trademarks used on Gene Quantification pages (2):
ABI PRISM®, AmpFlstr®, BigDye™, Applied Biosystems®, CDP-Star®, FAM™, Genotyper®, GeneScan®, Identifi ler®, GeneAmp®, GeneMapper®, JOE™, Primer Express®, SNaPshot™, VIC® (Applera Corporation or its subsidiaries); Affymetrix®, GeneChip® (Affymetrix, Inc.); Agilent® (Agilent Technologies, Inc.); ÄKTA®, Cy®, DYEnamic™, FPLC®, MegaBACE™ (GE Healthcare); Alexa Fluor®, SYBR® (Molecular Probes, Inc.); Benzonase® (Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany); BioLogic™, iCycler iQ® (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc.); BioMag® (Polysciences Inc.); CEQ™ (Beckman Coulter, Inc.); Coomassie® (ICI [Imperial Chemical Industries] Organics Inc.); DACRON®, Teflon® (E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company); DAPase™, pGAPase™, Qcyclase™, TAGZyme™ (UNIZYME); DART™, SBTexcellerator®, SBTengine®, (Genome Diagnostics); FACS® (Becton Dickinson and Company); FTA®, Whatman® (Whatman Group); LightCycler®, TaqMan® (Roche Group); Luminex®, xMAP® (Luminex Corporation); Mastercycler® (Eppendorf AG); Mx3005P®, pBluescript® (Stratagene); MGB™ (Epoch Biosciences); Nanosep® (Pall Corporation); NASBA® (Organon Teknika); Opera™ (Evotec Technologies); PAXgene® (PreAnalytiX GmbH); PreservCyt® (Cytyc Corporation); Rotor-Gene®, Rotor-Disc™, HRM™, QIAxtractor™, (Corbett Research); SSP™ (Olerup SSP AB Company, Sweden); SurePath™ (TriPath Imaging, Inc.). All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Other trademarks used on Gene Quantification pages (3):
AdEasy® is a trademark of John Hopkins University.
ABI PRISM® is a registered trademark of Applied Biosystems.
Alexa Fluor® 594 and Alexa Fluor® 350 are registered trademarks of Molecular Probes, Inc.
ART® is a registered trademark of Molecular BioProducts, Inc.
Beacon Designer™ is a trademark of Premier Biosoft, Inc.
Coomassie® is a registered trademark of Imperial Chemical Industries.
COT-1® DNA is a registered trademark of Invitrogen Corporation.
CSPD® is a registered trademark of Tropix, Inc.
CyDye™ is a trademark of Amersham Biosciences.
Cy™3 and Cy™5 are registered trademarks of Amersham Biosciences.
DeepVent® is a registered trademark of New England Biolabs.
DH5® is a registered trademark of Invitrogen Corporation.
DNAscan, ONE-Dscan RFLPscan , and ZERO-Dscan are trademarks of Scanalytics, a division of CSPI.
Expand™ is a trademark of the Roche Group.
FuGENE 6® is a registered trademark of Fugent, LLC, USA.
FlAG® is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich.
FAM™, TET™, HEX™, VIC™, JOE™, TAMRA™, ROX™ are trademarks of Applera Corporation or it subsidiaries in the US and certain other countries.
GenBank® is a registered trademark of the National Insititutes of Health.
Gene Chip® is a registered trademark of Affymetrix
GenePix Pro 3.0® is a registered trademark of Axon Instruments.
GenPorter™ 2 is a trademark of Gene Therapy Systems, Inc.
GeneTailor™ is a trademark of Invitrogen Corp.
Kodak® and BioMax® are registered trademarks of Eastman Kodak Company.
Lipofectamine™ is a trademark of Invitrogen Corp.
LipoTAXI® is a registered trademark of Genetic Applications LLC.
Long Ranger is a trademark of FMC Corporation.
Macintosh® is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Microsoft® and Windows® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
MutaPlax™ is a trademark of Epicentre Technologies.
Ni-NTA Agarose is a product of Qiagen.
Parafilm® is a registered trademark of American Can Company.
Pentium® is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation.
Platinum® is a registered trademark of Invitrogen Corp.
RiboGreen® is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc
Scorpions™ is a trademark of DxS Ltd.
Silver Sequence is a trademark of Bioneer.
Smart Cycler® is a registered trademark of Cepheid.
SuperScript™ is a trademark of Invitrogen Corp.
SYBR® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc.
TaqMan® is a registered trademark of Roche Molecular Systems, Inc.
Texas Red® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc.
The Mouse Kit and AB2.2-Prime ES Cells are trademarks of Lexicon Genetics Incorporated.
TOPO TA Cloning® is a registered trademark of Invitrogen Corp.
Triton® is a registered trademark of Union Carbide Chemicals and Plastics Co., Inc.
Vent®  is a registered trademark of New England Biolabs.

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